Internal Analysis


  • Unused Expertise in borehole drilling / rehabilitation, rainwater harvesting system, construction of ventilated improved pit latrines, construction of shallow wells and protection of natural springs
  • Teaching Skills and Commitment for training on agriculture, micro-finance etc. for economic development
  • Community-Centred Approaches for promotion of sanitation, conflict sensitivity (“Do No Harm”), community development and organization
  • Interaction with Local Population language skills Dinka, Kakwa, Arabic and English
  • Links to an International organizations (IAS, FAO, GTZ and DAI)


  • Inadequate Access to Funds: limited financial resources, decreasing finances for project activities, lack of teaching aids and equipment
  • Lack of Participatory Tools: insufficient involvement of community in planning since projects come as donor package that doesn't give room for community input
  • Narrow scope of work: limited knowledge and experience in other water tand agriculture echnologies such as the construction of dams, mini water yards, bio sand filters, quality seed analysis, animal husbandry etc

External Analysis


  • Post-Conflict Developments: CPA political stability, favourable government systems and policies and  freedom of faith
  • Local Resources and Materials: skilled labour (expertise), language (Arabic, Kakwa, Balanda and Dinka),networks and communication (roads, telephones)
  • Local Acceptance: community acceptance of projects
  • Climate: favourable climate (for agriculture)
  • International funding: availability of funds and interest of donors


  • Outside Dependence financial crisis, limited funding / late release of funds
  • Political and Economic Situation insecurity, inadequate logistical services, complicated registration and funding procedures, scarce skilled manpower, competition with other stakeholders (different policies)
  • Climatic Challenges unfavourable weather conditions (for continuous drilling), climate change
  • Community Attitudes: slow community response to new ideas, inadequate use of water resources to reduce poverty
  • Epidemics: cholera

Stakeholder Analysis

Donors, UN agencies and other INGOs channel financial assistances to Christian Agenda for Development, who will in turn support the local capacities and programmes of local NGOs, line ministries of the Government, local Churches and the Communities at grassroots. Training institutions and research institutions shall be identified for any staff development

Most international NGOs are doing the same kind of intervention! Offers from the side of training and research institutions are not known!




Internal and External Analysis

  • Strategies to use strengths in order to exploit opportunities
  • Strategies to stop weaknesses in order to exploit opportunities
  • Strategies to use strengths in order to defend against threats
  • Strategies to stop weaknesses in order to defend against threats

Strategies for CAD

  1. Making use of the links of IAS, FAO and DAI to the international community to get support in acquiring financial support from sources within Southern Sudan and outside (government, international funders)
  2. Timely release of funds for drilling and alternative provision of safe water sources to enable CAD register successes in the implementation of the Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM) Concept
  3. Strengthening the links with INGOs and the government for staff training / capacity building to address the skilled manpower deficit
  4. Building solidarity for a common vision (e.g. with IAS, FAO & other INGOs)
  5. Advocacy for favourable government systems and policies to encourage activities of local NGOs
  6. Increased involvement of communities in planning, given the political stability and the general community acceptance of projects.
  7. Awareness campaigns to gradually change the community towards new ideas and adequate use of water resources to reduce poverty (among others to prevent cholera epidemics)
  8. Campaigning together with IAS (and other NGOs) for a “water for food” programme after mastering appropriate water source development and small scale irrigation technologies and the corresponding participative approaches
  9. Training of communities in the diversified use of water resources (agriculture, animal watering, etc.)
  10. Advocacy for participatory approaches in the relevant coordination meetings to get to a unified policy of the government
  11. Building a national organization's consortium with Rural Action Against Hunger (RAAH) and Community Action Water Programme (CAWP) to jointly address some of the socio-economic issues affecting the rural poor people in the Sudan



Tue 20 October 2009
Webpage workshop in Khartoum

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